Control pests like this

Homemade remedies to the rescue

15 February 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Hanks Saisai

Whether you have a small garden to grow your own produce, or if you’re a large-scale farmer, crop production is an activity that involves the cultivation or tilling of land to enable people to grow their own food for self-sustenance.
However, farmers can encounter several challenges before they can harvest their desired produce. One of the most predominant challenges are pests and diseases.
Pests are organisms that attack crops by eating them or causing diseases.
When growing crops, it is of great importance that farmers acquire knowledge of the types of pests that may attack and cause damage to crops.
There are mainly four types of pests: Chewing pests that eat and chew on crop leaves (grasshoppers, slugs and snails); Sucking pests (aphids, red spider mites and mites that are normally found on the underside of leaves); Stinging pests (melon fly or pumpkin fly can be harmful to fruit vegetables as they sting and pierce on fruits causing them to rot on the pierced or stung part); and Soil pests (like cutworms that attack roots).

Control
Pests can be controlled using chemicals, biological methods such as introduction of a natural enemy, by using good agricultural practices such as crop rotation, and in some cases by using homemade remedies.
• Cigarettes can be turned into a homemade remedy to control caterpillars (chewing pests) in the following way: Fill a pot with 5 litres of water. Then add a cup full of cigarette butts into the pot and boil for 30 minutes. Thereafter, filter the water through a cloth. Then add one large spoon of finely chopped soap to the liquid. Thereafter dilute the mixture (poison) with 1 litre of water, then spray the mixture on the leaves. The nicotine in the cigarettes kills chewing pests. Allow a grace period of at least four days before eating the vegetable leaves.
• Chop or crush three cloves of garlic and soak in liquid paraffin for three days. Then add a large spoon of finely chopped soap and mix the poison by adding 10 litres of water. Spray the poison onto the crops. This will kill some insects and at times act as a repellent.
• A garlic/chilli-based spray is effective for small sucking insects such as aphids as well as caterpillars. Combine crushed garlic and chilli (powdered chilli will do if you don't have fresh) with one tablespoon of vegetable oil and a small amount of dishwashing liquid or soap flakes. Leave the mixture to soak overnight in a jar, then strain and spray on plants. Avoid contact with your skin and eyes and keep away from kids. The mixture should be used within two weeks.
To successfully control pests, farmers are encouraged to use the recommended spacing requirements (spacing between and within rows). Also ensure that you use pest resistant seeds and adopt Good Agricultural Practices such as early planting to increase the chances of yielding a good harvest.
*Hanks Saisai is AgriBank’s Technical Advisor: Crops & Poultry.

Similar News

 

Thirteen farmers alloted to six farms

2 weeks ago - 05 April 2021 | Agriculture

The Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Land Reform (MAWLR) last week over 13 allotment letters to 13 resettled farmers on six farms located in the...

Aquaponics system launched

3 weeks ago - 31 March 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Claudia ReiterThe Hanns Seidel Foundation and the Finnish embassy yesterday launched the first aquaponics system at the Aris Primary School as part of...

The basics of grazing management

3 weeks ago - 29 March 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Erastus NgarukaThe grazing value and capacity of the land is a factor of certain attributes which includes the soil condition, grass species composition,...

Former public servant pursues full-time farming

4 weeks ago - 23 March 2021 | Agriculture

Hendrik Motinga, Agribank’s mentee and loan beneficiary under the Affirmative Action Loan Scheme, quit his formal job ten years ago as a Labour Inspector to...

Youth learn about cattle judging

1 month - 10 March 2021 | Agriculture

Bank Windhoek and Feedmaster will again offer a nationwide Youth Cattle Judging Course and Competition, aimed at equiping school learners between grade 9 and 11...

Roots delivers first apples

2 months ago - 29 January 2021 | Agriculture

A delegation from the Roots Agricultural village at Stampriet recently paid a courtesy visit to Agribank to present and showcase their first harvest from the...

Now is the time to harvest rainwater

3 months ago - 18 January 2021 | Agriculture

The previous and current rainy seasons in Namibia has given a sigh of relief to many farmers and is an indication that the country is...

Bank backing for locust research

4 months ago - 02 December 2020 | Agriculture

FNB Namibia handed over N$100 000 towards the University of Namibia (UNAM) to support their research relating to the outbreak of the locusts in the...

The benefits of mulching

5 months ago - 02 November 2020 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Hanks SaisaiIn arid and semi-arid countries like Namibia where water is a scarce resource, it is always advisable for farmers to engage in...

Agri-empowerment for women and youth

6 months ago - 20 October 2020 | Agriculture

Relaxed conditions to encourage participation and enhanced financial inclusion is the basis of Agribank’s newly launched loan scheme for women and the youth.The bank decided...

Latest News

Struggle kids ‘stigmatised’

2 hours ago | Social Issues

Children of the liberation struggle, also known as ‘struggle kids’, feel it is hard for them to secure employment outside government, because there is a...

Central estates agents awarded

3 hours ago | Banking

Aqua Real Estate, Rightmove Properties Windhoek and Arnel Properties were announced as the top three central estate agencies servicing Bank Windhoek.In the category for Residential...

Knight Piésold celebrates a century

3 hours ago | Business

From its humble beginnings in South Africa on 1 April 1921, Knight Piésold has established and grown its local operations within Southern Africa, through its...

Visual arts on a roll!

1 day - 21 April 2021 | Art and Entertainment

The Bank Windhoek Triennial 2020 Awards ceremony and exhibition opening takes place on Thursday (22 April 2021) at 16:00. With 491 submissions received of which...

Family’s battle to reunite continues...

1 day - 21 April 2021 | Justice

Windhoek • [email protected] Namibian High Commission in Pretoria on Tuesday briefly shut the door to Namibian Phillip Lühl after he tried to submit a formal...

Campaigning for counselling

1 day - 21 April 2021 | Crime

Members of Parliament (MPs) have proposed compulsory counselling and psychological support for victims, perpetrators or anyone exposed to gender-based violence to end the cycle of...

Whistleblower Stefánsson scoops WIN WIN...

1 day - 21 April 2021 | Justice

This year’s winner of the WIN WIN Gothenburg Sustainability Award is the Icelandic whistleblower Jóhannes Stefánsson, who led the revelation of a widespread corruption scandal...

Sewing machines, fabric for NCS

1 day - 21 April 2021 | Business

Mulungushi Textiles & Importers recently donated overlock sewing machines and fabrics worth around N$100 000 to the Namibian Correctional Services. The Khomas & Hardap regions...

Is your agent making use...

1 day - 21 April 2021 | Life Style

The way we live and work has been dramatically altered by the pandemic. It follows then that the way people buy and sell houses will...

Load More