Phase feeding in chicken production

24 June 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Hanks Saisai

Chicken production is a lucrative enterprise that offers a competitive income for farmers that specialize in meat or egg production. However, to achieve the desired results from the chicken enterprise, it is of great importance to understand that feeding is a crucial aspect of production efficiency.
Modern chicken farming is greatly influenced by the feed farmers provide to their chickens. It is vital to provide the right feed that meets the nutritional requirements of chickens in order to ensure their optimum growth and productivity.
Phase feeding is the most effective and efficient method in which one can feed his/her chickens. By definition, it is the form of feeding that involves the use of specific formulated feeds to meet the changing nutritional requirements of chickens. A three-phase feeding program is always recommended for beginners or farmers with small-to-medium sized chicken flocks.
To implement a phase feeding program, it is of great importance for farmers to understand that chickens at various stages of production have varying nutritional requirements. Young chicks (from day old to about 14 days) use most of the feed (80%) for growth and only about 20% for maintenance.
At this stage, there is a need to buy feed that is high in protein content such as Broiler Starter for broilers or Chick Starter Mash for layers.
After 14 days (for broilers) or a month (for layers) it is beneficial to change the type of feed given to chickens. To this end, a farmer has to introduce Broiler Grower (for broilers) or Grower Mash (for layers) as this will ensure that the feed meets the chickens’ nutritional requirements.
Broiler mash has a balance of proteins needed for growth and carbohydrates for energy.
Moreover, when the chickens reach their most productive stage, there is a need to change their feed. The farmer must change to Broiler Finisher (for broilers) to ensure that the chickens maximize on their growth to reach 2,2kg liveweight and be ready for the market. On the flip side, farmers are encouraged to change from Grower Mash to Layer Mash since this feed contains several proteins and calcium minerals that encourage egg production.
Finally, it is important for farmers to note that phase feeding not only provides nutritional requirements and enhances the productivity of chickens but also, reduces the cost of feed.
Farmers should note that some rations (feeds) such as starter (Broiler Starter & Chick Starter Mash) and finisher are costly and hence, to reduce costs and remain profitable, farmers must use phase feeding to maximize on the productivity and profitability of the chicken farming business.
*Hanks Saisai is AgriBank’s Technical Advisor: Crops & Poultry.

Similar News

 

Omaheke remains cattle capital

14 hours ago | Agriculture

Omaheke governor Pijoo Nganate said the region continues to be the champion in beef production, with emphasis on breeds that capitalise on maximum output of...

Transforming agribusinesses into generational enterprises

1 week ago - 21 July 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Hanks SaisaiBuilding a sustainable and reputable farming business is a journey that requires commitment, dedication, and hard work from a farmer and all...

The basics of livestock breeding

2 weeks ago - 16 July 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Erastus NgarukaNamibia is predominantly a meat (cattle, sheep, goat) producing country, and many farmers are working hard to improve the genetics and performance...

Basic considerations on livestock handling

3 weeks ago - 05 July 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Erastus NgarukaHandling livestock is always a risky exercise that can culminate into significant livestock injuries and deaths on farms because of improper livestock...

Crop diseases and their control measures

1 month - 29 June 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Hanks SaisaiCrop production has been carried out since time immemorial and mainly involves the tilling or cultivating of the soil to sow seeds...

Boost for city’s urban garden

1 month - 27 June 2021 | Agriculture

The City of Windhoek (CoW) secured N$1.92 million from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to develop and boost agricultural food production of Farm Okukuna,...

Learn the ins and outs of agriculture online

1 month - 27 June 2021 | Agriculture

Agribank launched a two-season podcasting service that covers eight episodes each. The podcasts are hosted by Ndeshihafela Shinedima (aka Reina Nelao), Agribank’s brand ambassador for...

Understanding grasses

1 month - 25 June 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • Erastus NgarukaIn Namibia, livestock production is heavily dependent on the rangeland, which grows a variety of forage resources including trees, shrubs, grasses, and...

Charcoal activities unleash large-scale bush fires

1 month - 17 June 2021 | Agriculture

Windhoek • [email protected] bush fires allegedly sparked by charcoal burning operations have razed around 35 000 hectares of grassland to the ground across seven farms...

Second Online Agriculture Series on the cards

1 month - 16 June 2021 | Agriculture

Bank Windhoek hosts its second Online Agriculture Series on Wednesday and Thursday (23 & 24 June) themed “Innovation and Trends that will shape the future...

Latest News

Omaheke remains cattle capital

14 hours ago | Agriculture

Omaheke governor Pijoo Nganate said the region continues to be the champion in beef production, with emphasis on breeds that capitalise on maximum output of...

Supreme Court to review 50-year...

2 days ago - 30 July 2021 | Justice

Windhoek • [email protected] man serving a 50-year prison sentence for the panga murders of a Russian couple 13-years ago has been granted leave to appeal...

#LoveProtects

2 days ago - 30 July 2021 | Health

The office of First Lady Monica Geingos in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Social Services has set up a mobile psychosocial support centre...

WCH field hospital commissioned

2 days ago - 30 July 2021 | Health

A new 70-bed capacity field hospital for Covid-19 patients at the Windhoek Central Hospital was commissioned on Thursday.The facility is an initiative by the Namibia...

The Youth: Living between faith...

3 days ago - 29 July 2021 | Opinion

Windhoek • Pastor Lyndon van WykCovid-19 has added to the complexity of problems the youth face and that can cause extreme distress and disorder. This...

What you need to know...

3 days ago - 29 July 2021 | Life Style

“The last thing you should worry about when grieving the loss of a loved one is reading the terms and conditions of your funeral policy...

Socks n Soup for cancer...

3 days ago - 29 July 2021 | Social Issues

It’s Socks n Soup Saturday with the Cancer Association of Namibia and MegaCentre in Kleine Kuppe this Saturday (31 July 2021) from 08:00 to noon.Regular...

Winter warmers for paediatric ward

3 days ago - 29 July 2021 | Social Issues

A hot water urn, a glucometer and test strip kit, bathing necessities, winter clothing, diapers and wipes, toys and children’s books were donated to the...

The beat at their feet

3 days ago - 29 July 2021 | Art and Entertainment

Brass instruments consisting of trumpets, trombones, tubas, a marching band drum set, an euphonium and music stands worth N$110 735 where donated to the QueenZab...

Load More